Radio carbon dating techniques

Posted by / 27-Feb-2016 21:19

Plants and animals naturally incorporate both the abundant C-12 isotope and the much rarer radiocarbon isotope into their tissues in about the same proportions as the two occur in the atmosphere during their lifetimes.

When a creature dies, it ceases to consume more radiocarbon while the C-14 already in its body continues to decay back into nitrogen.

The amount of cosmic rays penetrating the earth's atmosphere is itself affected by things like the earth's magnetic field which deflects cosmic rays.

Precise measurements taken over the last 140 years have shown a steady decay in the strength of the earth's magnetic field.

Carbon has unique properties that are essential for life on Earth.

Familiar to us as the black substance in charred wood, as diamonds, and the graphite in “lead” pencils, carbon comes in several forms, or isotopes.

And yet we know that "radiocarbon is forming 28-37% faster than it is decaying," which means it hasn't yet reached equilibrium, which means the ratio is higher today than it was in the unobservable past.

We also know that the ratio decreased during the industrial revolution due to the dramatic increase of CO produced by factories.

C-12 is by far the most common isotope, while only about one in a trillion carbon atoms is C-14.This man-made fluctuation wasn't a natural occurrence, but it demonstrates the fact that fluctuation is possible and that a period of natural upheaval upon the earth could greatly affect the ratio.Volcanoes spew out CO which could just as effectively decrease the ratio.This means there's been a steady increase in radiocarbon production (which would increase the ratio). God, the Father, sent His only Son to satisfy that judgment for those who believe in Him.And finally, this dating scheme is controversial because the dates derived are often wildly inconsistent. Jesus, the creator and eternal Son of God, who lived a sinless life, loves us so much that He died for our sins, taking the punishment that we deserve, was buried, and rose from the dead according to the Bible.

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C-14 is produced in the upper atmosphere when nitrogen-14 (N-14) is altered through the effects of cosmic radiation bombardment (a proton is displaced by a neutron effectively changing the nitrogen atom into a carbon isotope).